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although it has observer status and thus should complete negotiations within 5 years. Earlier this year it was reported that negotiations were being encouraged to complete the Russian Federation’s accession to the WTO.

  • The point of attachment between the UK and Russian Federation being location of

broadcasting organisation for transmission Conclusions:

  • Apart from the broadcast being accompanied by sufficient acknowledgement and not dealing in copies then Russian Federation broadcasts could be used for ‘educational purposes’ of the educational establishment. Depending on how you define ‘educational purposes’ they could be used to encourage registered students to study the language etc–(educating about facilities within the establishment) or use in research by staff or students.

  • extracts could be used for language exercises

  • Stills from more recent material may be used with the consent of the director or other author i.e. copyright clearance has been obtained.


  • Should not use a playable extract of a broadcast that post-dates the entry into force of the Rome Convention on the website i.e. after (26 May 2003) as that would be communicating outside the establishment and therefore the public, or on publicity material

  • beware of using stills from underlying material (e.g. films) in broadcasts unless pre- date the protection given by Berne Convention for films which is 50 years after the work was made or made available to the public - but UK law extends this to 70 years after the death of one of a number of people involved in making the film. The Berne Convention is retroactive with the entry into force in 1995.

Material: Digitised off-air broadcasts LSE CLT database. Purpose: for teaching and leaning in relation to specific courses Issues:

    • These broadcasts are digitised under the ERA licence, fuller details of which are set out in Section 2.5 Licensing schemes.

    • Although these are programmes licensed by the ERA and it should be noted there is material, such as feature films, that are broadcast by the participants in the scheme that is not covered by the licence. With the exception of material where rights are held by the Open University, generally there is no certified licensing scheme for material such as feature films and advertisements. Hence under the CDPA these may be recorded from broadcasts.

    • These recordings may be held in digital format and stored on LSE’s server provided appropriate security measures are employed

    • Under current licence conditions access is limited to students on the campus

    • Analogue copies may be transferred to digital formats.

      • 3.3


Design rights are another type of intellectual property right that are included in the CDPA 1988. They were the subject of specific earlier Acts e.g. Registered Design Act 1949 much of which was amended by the CDPA 1988. As a result of an EU directive it has been further amended.

3.3.1 Scope

A design refers to the appearance of the whole or a part of a product resulting from the features of, in particular, the lines, contours, colours, shape, texture or materials of the product or its ornamentation. In the UK

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