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Cooperative Support 2001 took place between 17 and 23 October in Borovets, Bulgaria, to train NATO and Partner forces in logistical aspects of peace-support operations, including maritime, land, air, amphibious and medical components.

The Standing Naval Force Atlantic left Zeebrugge naval base in Belgium on 22 October to join the Standing Naval Force Mediterranean in the Eastern Mediterranean in support of Article 5 operations against terrorism.

contributions to Operation Enduring Freedom.

Article 5 measures The NATO Allies agreed on 4 October, at the request of the United States, to take eight measures, individually and collectively, to expand the options available in the campaign against ter- rorism. These included deployment of ships from the Alliance’s standing naval forces to the Eastern Mediterranean and AWACS aircraft to the United States.

On 18 October 2001, Lord Robertson and Supreme Allied Commander Europe General Joseph Ralston joined a high-level delegation of rep- resentatives from the European Union and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in urging government and opposition leaders in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia* to resume the internal reform process.

Lord Robertson met the heads of state of the Vilnius Group countries — Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia* — at a meet- ing in Sofia, Bulgaria, on 4 and 5 October, where discussions focused on new threats to global security fol- lowing the terrorist attacks against the United States.

NATO assets deployed For the first time in NATO’s history, Alliance assets were deployed in sup- port of Article 5 operations on 9 October. Five airborne warning and control systems (AWACS) aircraft were sent to the United States to free

Putin meeting Russian President Vladimir Putin reiterated his country’s desire to con- tribute to the global campaign against terrorism, when he met Lord Robertson in Brussels, Belgium, on 3 October. They also discussed the sit- uation in Chechnya, missile defence, prospects for NATO-Russia relations and how present cooperation could be extended into new areas.

General Marcel Valentin of France succeeded Norwegian General Thorstein Skiaker as Commander of KFOR on 3 October. He will hold this

The New NATO — Trends, Challenges, Hopes and Opportunities were dis- cussed at the Atlantic Treaty Association’s annual assembly, host- ed by the Atlantic Council of Slovenia, in Bled, Slovenia, between 3 and 6 October.

Article 5 confirmed On 2 October, Lord Robertson con- firmed the invocation of Article 5 after US envoys informed NATO ambassadors on the results of inves- tigations into the 11 September ter- rorist attacks. The US envoys con- firmed that the attacks had been directed from abroad by the al-Qaida terrorist network, headed by Osama bin Laden.

Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski met Lord Robertson at NATO on 2 October. He expressed his country’s readiness to contribute to the fight against terrorism and to increase its peacekeeping presence in the Balkans. Discussions also focused on defence reform and the six-year plan, launched in 1999, to modernise the Polish armed forces.

On 1 October, Lord Robertson met Defence Minister Rudolf Scharping, Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer and the chairman of the opposition CDU party, Angela Merkel, in Berlin, Germany. They discussed German support for the campaign against ter- rorism, as well as the country’s lead role within Task Force Amber Fox in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,* which is providing security for EU and OSCE monitors.

up US planes for operations over Afghanistan. The Standing Naval Force Mediterranean was reas- signed to assure a NATO presence in the Eastern Mediterranean cutting short an annual maritime, air and amphibious exercise, Destined Glory 2001, which had been scheduled to run from 5 to 23 October.

Some 2,000 troops from 14 NATO countries took part in Exchange Adventure 2001, in north-west Turkey from 1 to 25 October, an exer- cise to train high-readiness forces in Article 5 operations.

Lord Robertson attended a ceremony on 28 September at the NATO

Lord Robertson met Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, US President George Bush and other key figures during a trip to North America from 8 to 10 October. Discussions focused on counter-terrorism activities and

post for one year, the previous six- month rotational system having been extended as part of KFOR’s reorgani- sation.

Winter 2001/2002

Defense College in Rome, Italy, to celebrate its 50th anniversary.

Prospects for the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia joining the Partnership for Peace and the Euro-Atlantic secu- rity community were discussed at the first, NATO-sponsored seminar to be held in the capital, Belgrade, on 28 and 29 September.

Defence ministers meet NATO defence ministers met infor- mally at NATO, on 26 September, in the wake of the 11 September terror- ist attacks, and reiterated their soli- darity with the United States and their commitment to the principle of Article 5. US Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz briefed min- isters on the wide-ranging, long-term approach being developed to combat terrorism. The impact of the terrorist attacks on NATO’s future structure and tasks, and the need for more flex- ible forces and intelligence sharing were discussed, as were NATO’s commitments in the Balkans.

On 25 September, the day before completion of Essential Harvest, the 30-day mission to disarm ethnic

Albanian rebels in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,* Lord Robertson visited Skopje, where he met government leaders to discuss arrangements for a follow-on mission to provide additional security for international monitors.

For more information, see NATO Update at: www. nato.int/docu/update/index.htm

NATO review


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