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Invitation to the Life Span by Kathleen Stassen Berger - page 11 / 40

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Theories of Infant Psychosocial Development

PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY

FREUD: THE ORAL AND ANAL STAGES

Oral stage (first year): The mouth is the young infant’s primary source of gratification

Anal stage (second year): Infant’s main pleasure comes from the anus (e.g. sensual pleasure of bowel movements and the psychological pleasure of controlling them)

Potential conflicts:

Oral fixation: If a mother frustrates her infant’s urge to suck, the child may become an adult who is stuck (fixated) at the oral stage (e.g. eats, drinks, chews, bites, or talks excessively)

Anal personality: Overly strict or premature toilet training may result in an adult with an unusually strong need for control, regularity and cleanliness

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