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PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF 15 TRANSPORT VENTILATORS

PEEP (cm H O)

2

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

4

5

6 6 5 5 4

5

NA

NA

6 5 NA NA 5 4 5 6 4 4

Normal Resistance and Low Compliance

PIP (cm H O)

2

RR (br/ min)

56 55 51 51 52 54 52 52

10 20 10 20 10 20 10 20

42

12†

47

25†

52 52 53 36 41

10 21 10 20 12†

42

22†

44

10

44

17†

56 58 NA NA 51 51 52 53 42 36

9 13† NA NA 10 20 10 20 9 18†

V (mean SD mL)

T

1,055 4.7 1,009 5.7 906 17.3 929 0.8 962 20.2 967 15.4 927 10.8 926 2.1

753 6.1†

850 7.6†

898 4.4† 886 4.1† 899 6.5† 614 4.6† 750 15.5†

755 3.2†

892 2.6†

896 4.1†

1,125 5.2† 1,149 1.4† NA NA 948 1.1 953 9.7 958 4.7 958 4.0 794 13.6† 629 12.2†

PEEP (cm H O)

2

5 5 5 4 3 4 5 5

4

5

6 6 6 6 4

5

NA

NA

5 5 NA NA 5 4 6 7 5 5

Normal Resistance and Normal Compliance

PIP (cm H O)

2

RR (br/ min)

22 22 20 20 23 24 24 24

10 20 10 20 10 20 10 20

16

12†

17

25†

20 20 24 19 21

10 21 11 20 12†

21

21

20

10

20

17†

25 26 NA NA 25 25 20 21 21 15

9 13† NA NA 10 20 10 20 9 18†

V (mean SD mL)

T

1,102 3.1† 1,097 6.8 996 58.8 972 66.6 940 24.9 944 14.4 945 6.7 949 1.7

752 1.6†

842 4.2†

952 2.1 937 1.1 973 3.5 653 2.2† 840 1.7†

835 2.4†

948 4.7

939 5.4

1,164 1.3† 1,179 5.2† NA NA 1,016 1.7 1,017 0.8 970 3.1 972 3.1 917 9.8 654 7.3†

PEEP (cm H O)

2

5 5 5 5 4 5 5 6

5

6

6 7 5 5 5

6

NA

NA

5 5 NA NA 4 5 6 8 6 6

Bench Performance at a Tidal Volume of 1,000 mL

Table 4.

High Resistance and Normal Compliance

PIP (cm H O)

2

RR (br/ min)

VM (mean SD mL)

T

Sophisticated Transport Ventilators

36 35 33 40 36 37 36 37

10 20 10 20 10 20 10 20

1,028 4.7 1,027 2.8 989 74.9 932 6.3 926 8.9 920 14.8 955 1.1 954 2.5

Univent Eagle 754* Univent Eagle 754‡ VersaMed iVent* VersaMed iVent‡ Newport HT50* Newport HT50‡ Pulmonetic Systems LTV 1000* Pulmonetic Systems LTV 1000‡ Simple Transport Ventilators

29

12†

789 2.2†

Oceanic Medical Products Magellan*

34

24†

870 3.3†

Oceanic Medical Products Magellan‡

35 37 28 24 27

9 21 11 20 12†

910 1.7 887 1.2† 942 2.9 635 2.0 784 2.7†

Bio-Med Devices IC2A* Bio-Med Devices IC2A‡ Pneupac Parapac Medic* Pneupac Parapac Medic‡

Pneupac Parapac Transport 200D*

28

21

774 1.6†

Pneupac Parapac Transport 200D‡

23

10

925 1.5

Life Support Products AutoVent 2000*

22

17†

913 4.8

Life Support Products AutoVent 2000‡

28 33 NA NA 38 39 33 35 24 23

9 13† NA NA 10 20 10 20 9 18†

1,132 1.9† 1,142 1.3† NA NA 975 0.7 972 0.9 950 2.6 947 2.7 917 1.3 654 6.0†

Carevent ATV* Carevent ATVVortran RespirTech Pro Percussionaire TXP Bio-Med Devices Crossvent 3* Bio-Med Devices Crossvent 3‡ Bird Avian* Bird Avian‡ Pneupac Compac 200* Pneupac Compac 200‡

RESPIRATORY CARE JUNE 2007 VOL 52 NO 6

*Respiratory rate set at 15 breaths/min †Measured value was 10% different from the setting on the ventilator ‡Respiratory rate set at 30 breaths/min V tidal volume. RR respiratory rate. br/min breaths/min. PIP peak inspiratory pressure. PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure. NA not applicable.

T

747

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