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That Sirach was a misogynist can scarcely be doubted, but that ought not prevent observation of the times he shows animosity toward the shortcomings of men. The adulterer who "transgresses from his bed" (23:18) has already been noted. It should now be added that this transgressor is mentioned as the third (and climactic) character in a two-three numerical saying (23:16-21). Indeed, for all Sirach's bluster against women, he still likens the unmarried man to a "robber" (l^st^) whom no one will trust (36:26-27).

The wicked and duplicity. Sirach's most perceptive designation of the enemies belonging to the fwr-group is

that they are "double-tongued" (diglwssoj).222 Such a

characterization of enmity was already seen in Proverbs 26:24-26 although there it was used of an enemy belonging

to the byvx-group. Sirach is speaking of the amartwloj

who clearly belongs to the fwr-group. The double nature

of the sinner is not limited to the tongue. His whole conduct is divided; he "walks upon two ways."223 Such duality is the very essence of enmity whether it is evalu- ated as simple hostility or as moral opposition.

Sirach's presentation of enemies belonging to the

fwr-group then makes some advances, or at least

222 O amartwloj o diglwssoj in 5:9, 15; simply diglwssou in 5:14; cf. 28:13. Epibainonti epi duo tribouj, 2:12b . 223

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