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customary seven days. He can likewise compare the "sinner" (amartwloj) with the "stubborn minded" (kardia sklhra,

3:27).225 In earlier wisdom literature the enemies from any group were not paralleled with fools.

Conversely, where one would expect to find antonyms to amartwloj, asebhj, or anomoj to be something like

dikaioj or dikaisounh Sirach uses eusebhj ("godly, pious).226 Another significant antonym of the fwr-words

is "those who fear the Lord" (oi foboumenoi kurion)227

which is an age-old wisdom ethic. Twice the "intelligent" (sunetoj) is used as an antonym, once to the amartwloj

(10:23) and once to the fula anomoj (16:4). As with

synonyms so with antonyms, earlier wisdom literature did not parallel the wicked antithetically with the wise.

The Neutral Group Although the "stranger" (allotrioj) may be mentioned quite innocuously by Sirach (21:8), he is primarily a

225 226

Cf. also 3:26. The most frequent antonym of fwr is, of course,

qydc which in turn is most often translated by the LXX with dikaioj (192x). Eusebhj is used only 4x by the LXX to translate qydc; within Sirach, however, it

appears at 11:17, 22; 12:2, 4; 13:17, 24; 16:13; 23:12; 27:11, 29; 28:22; 36(33):14; 37:12; 29:27; 43:33. 227Cf. 2:15, 16, 17; 15:1, 19; 21:6; 35(32):14, 16.

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