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responses noted in the passages above. For example:

Break thou the arm of the wicked and evildoer; seek out his wickedness till thou find none.

Psalm 10:15

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    that thou wouldst slay the wicked, 0 God, and that men of blood would depart from me,

men who maliciously defy thee, who lift themselves up against thee for evil! Do I not hate them that hate thee, 0 LORD? And do I not loathe them that rise up against thee? I hate them with perfect hatred; I count them my enemies.

Psalm 139:19-229 Little wonder then that many may assume that Jesus' remark that it was said of old, "You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy" (Matt. 5:43), is an accurate quotation of some Old Testament passage or, at least of some contemporary Jewish teaching. Such an instruction is not to be found in Jewish scriptures, however, and nothing like it has been discovered in rabbinic materials.10 Never- theless, it is very easy to understand how readers, critical or otherwise, could conclude that such hostility toward enemies was precisely the teaching of the Old Testament, and

9 Cf. Psalms 5:11; 7:7, 10; 10:2; 12:4-5; 17:13-14; 25:3; 28:4-5; 31:18-19; 35:1-8, 26; 55:10; 58:7-12; 59:6, 12-14; 69:23-29; 70:3-4; 71:13; 79:6, 12; 83:10-19; 94:2; 109:7-20, 29-30; 129:5-7; 137:7-9; 140:10-12; 143:12.

10 T. Manson, The Sayings of Jesus as Recorded in the Gospels according to St. Matthew and St. Luke Arranged with Introduction and Commentary (London: SCM Press, 1949), p. 161.


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