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Chapter 3

DERIVATIVE ENEMIES IN WISDOM LITERATURE

The previous chapter focused attention on enemy designations encountered within wisdom literature. These were gleaned by sifting through the various designations of enemies found in the individual laments and thanksgiving songs of the Psalter. This chapter turns its attention to a discussion of folk in wisdom literature who are described as acting as enemies act in the Psalms. In this study, people so described, who do not appear as enemies in the Psalter, have been called "derivative enemies."

These are located by examining the many activities alleged against enemies which, in turn, provides a catalog of enemy behavior. The next step in the investigation is to note any of these activities which also appear in wisdom literature1 and the characters who are alleged to behave in such a way. Certainly this procedure would be tautological if carried out within the Psalms, but within wisdom litera- ture it is productive in two ways.

First of all, it yields enemy designations which do not appear in any of the individual laments or thanksgiving songs, but which nevertheless fit quite intelligibly within

1 See "Appendix II: Enemy Behavior within the Wisdom Literature."

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