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Part II is introduced by the transitional particle zx ("then") and is construed throughout in the third person.15

15 Vv. 28-32 are third person plural constructions while the concluding promise of v. 33 is singular. Of the com- mentators who provide an outline of the speech itself, W. Oesterley, The Book of Proverbs with Introduction and Notes (London: Methuen and Co., Ltd., 1929), p. 10, outlines in three parts: vv. 22-23, 24-32, 33; C. Toy, Proverbs (Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark, 1899], pp. 20-29, outlines in two parts: vv. 22, 23, and 24-33 (further subdivided into 24-27, 28-31, 32, 33); W. McKane, Proverbs: A New Approach (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1970), pp. 273-76, does not outline the passage explicitly, but his de facto outline evidenced by his discussion and bold type face vv. 22, 23, 24f., 26f., 28-30, 31f., 33; likewise, H. Ringgren, Spruche (Gattingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1962), pp. 15-16, does not outline explicitly, but the discussion and bold type face indicate an outline: vv. 22, 23, 24-25, 2632, 33; Murphy, p. 55, and Kayatz, p. 10, outline alike as vv. 22, 23, 24-25, 26-28, 29-30, 31-32, 33. Only Toy (perhaps McKane) shows any recognition, much less its significance, of the shift from second to third person between vv. 22-27 and 28-33; his outline 13, however, not form critical, but is based on content as is Oesterley's and Ringgren's. McKane apparently notices the shift since he begins a new paragraph with vv. 28-30, but he is pri- marily concerned to note the introduction of the "fear of Yahweh" in v. 29, thus bolstering his thesis of a religious reinterpretation of old, empirical, non-religious wisdom. Only Kayatz and Murphy set out to do self-conscious form critical studies, and they ignore the shift in persons. Their only apparent justification for this procedure is the motifs of vv. 23-28 which are also found in Ise. 1:15; 65:12; 66:4; Jer. 7:23-27; 11:11; Hos. 5:6; Mic. 3:4 and Psalms 2:4; 59:9. Motifs, however, do not make a form. Their nearest comparison would seem to be

Mic. 3:4 which also uses the particle zx and is construed in third

person while v. 1 which introduces the unit is construed in second person. In the Micah passage, however, the shift from second to third

persons occurs in v. 3, before zx, not afterwards as in the present

passage. The analysis of P. Trible, "Wisdom Builds a Poem: The Architecture of Proverbs 1:20-33," JBL 94 (1975), 509-518, presents a more extensive and sophisticated analysis of this speech; her analysis agrees with the one above in placing a caesura between v. 27 and v. 28.

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