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lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, "Who is Yahweh?" or lest I be poor, and steal, and profane the name of my God. Proverbs 30:7-9

Here the supplicant admits the possibility that he might become an enemy. He might deny and say, "Who is Yahweh?" Or, he might steal and thereby profane the name of his God. The enemy behavior is not yet actual, but it is a very real prospect, one to be avoided by divine grace. Should the enmity become actual, however, there is no indi- cation that the supplicant would still be a righteous character, one in a sound relationship with Yahweh. Quite the reverse, in fact, the potential enmity consists in

cynicism (hvhy-ym), a rupture of the sound relationship

which is evidenced by the prayer. There are two cases, however, where hostility is attributed to the righteous as righteous.

A righteous man hates falsehood, but a wicked man acts shamefully and disgracefully. Proverbs 13:5

Those who forsake the law26 prate the wicked, but those who keep the law26 strive against them. Proverbs 28:4

26

The translation of hrvt as "law" (Toy, pp. 496f.;

Oesterley, pp. 249f.; cf. Scott, pp. 164, 166), "Law" (McKane, pp. 255, 622-23), or "instruction" (Gemser, pp. 76f.; Ringgren, pp. 109, 112) is problematic. Either

it refers to the hvhy trvt which is rather unusual for Proverbs, or it refers to the MymkH trvt which is

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