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145

simply Israelite and, therefore, part of the common heritage of sage and psalmist alike, as well as any other Isaelite.33

The perception of Yahweh as a threatening figure occurs in one other case. According to Proverbs 24:21-22 the hazard posed by Yahweh (and the king) is that of inscruta- bility. This inscrutability of Yahweh as a danger is articulated only once in the book of Proverbs.

My son, fear Yahweh and the king, and do not involve yourself with those who change, for calamity from them will arise suddenly; and the disaster from the two of them-- who knows? Proverbs 24:21-22

The notion that Yahweh could always surprise people is, of course, a familiar thought in the mashal tradition of Proverbs,34 but it is not generally portrayed as a hazard. The king shared in this incalculability.35 Only with the single admonition above does this aspect of Yahweh's action take on a clearly threatening tone. The danger is explicit

33 0f course, if the provenance of the wisdom tradition is limited to royal circles then a case could be made for some kind of influence in one direction or the other. It seems unlikely, however, that one would ever connect Psalm 18 with any kind of wisdom while, on the other hand, there is no trace of any royal concerns to be found in the instruction comprising Prov. 3:21-35,

34

Cf. Prov. 16:1, 2, 9; 19:14, 21; 20:24; 21:30-31.

35

21:1.

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