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twice in the epilogue, "You have not spoken truth to me as my servant Job" (42:7bb=8bb).

Apart from the friends who are traditional enemy figures there are some derivative figures which occur in connection with enemy behavior. In the prologue Job offers sacrifices on behalf of his sons who, he fears, may have "sinned and cursed God in their hearts" (1:5). Also in the prologue is introduced Job's wife who urges him to "Curse God and die" (2:9).

One final group of folk may well belong (derivatively) to the category of friends and kinfolk who become enemies. They appear in the context of Job's final soliloquy: the community who used to give Job unquestioning respect.

They listened to me, and waited, and kept silence for my counsel. After spoke they did not speak again, my word dropped upon them. They waited for me as for the rain; they opened their mouths as for the spring rain. I smiled on them when they had no confidence; the light of my countenance they did not cast down. I chose their way, and sat as chief, and I dwelt like a king among his troops, like one who comforts mourners. Job 29:21-25

Hiob (Gutersloh: Verlagshaus Gerd Mohn, 1963), p. 446; E. Dhorme, A Commentary on the Book of Job, trans. by H. Knight (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1961), pp. 473, 474; reading MT as it stands are N. Tur-Sinai, The Book of Job: A New Commentary Jerusalem: Kiryath Sepher Ltd., 1957), pp. 457f.; and H. Rowley, Job (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980), p. 208.


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