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152 an enemy's misfortune. He never even asks for the life of his enemy with a curse.47

Job stands alone in his explicit denials of enemy behavior, but those who accuse him of enmity have plenty of company. Indeed, every significant character in the book accuses Job of actions which are characteristic of enemies. Not surprisingly, it is the friends who accuse Job most frequently of such de facto enemy status.48 The most scathing and extensive of these indictments is voiced by Eliphaz in Job 22 who begins with a series of rhetorical questions which demand a negative response (vv. 1-5a). He then proceeds with a list of specific offenses.

There is no end to your iniquities For you have exacted pledges of your brothers for nothing, and stripped the naked of their clothing. You have given no water to the weary to drink, and you have withheld bread from the hungry. The man with power possessed the land, and the favored man dwelt in it. You have sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless were crushed. Job 22:5b-9

This leads to a description of the sentence with "therefore" (Nk-lf, vv. 10-11) followed by another

rhetorical question. and response (v. 12). Then Eliphaz

47 48 31:5, 16-18, 29-30. Eliphaz in 15:16 and 22:5-9, 13-15; Bildad in 18:4; Zophar in 11:3, 14; and Elihu in 35:16.

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