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motives while granting him life and steadfast love--all exceedingly duplicitous behavior.58

In a poignant turn of expression Job complains that God "watches all my paths" (13:27).59 In light of his human frailty Job maintains that it really goes beyond the bounds of propriety for God to pay quite so much attention to a human being (14:1-6).60 And yet, as terrifying as such divine scrutiny and watchfulness is, it is precisely this watching which first comes to expression in his reminiscence of the "months of old" (29:2). Can it be that this watching of God's is just as duplicitous as his gifts of life and steadfast love?

When Job forms his allegations against God in the third person the focus seems not to be on the duplicity of God's concern but rather on God's explicit hostility toward Job. Thus, God is portrayed as an arbitrary tyrant who will not come out to meet one face to face. For this enemy it

58 Cf. 10:2, 3, 12-13; even though the notion of hidden motives is not in 10:2 or 3 the problem of divine duplicity is still in view, for Job, with whom God contends, is the "work of thy hands" (v. 3). Verses 8-11 are a touching description of the creation of the human being (cf. Psalm 139:14-18)

59 Cf. Elihu's citation of this complaint in Job 33:11 and a kindred formulation in 14:16.

60 Similar thoughts are already expressed by Job in 7:17-20.

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