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With the earlier perceptions of divine enmity in Proverbs, Job and Qoheleth, there was a threatening, unpre- dictable dimension to God's enmity. This dimension of Yahweh's character was, of course, a central concern with the book of Job, but also Qoheleth. It should not be over- looked, though, that there was a bare--but how terrifying!-- hint at this dimension of Yahweh already in Proverbs. Who indeed ever knew what could come from the side of Yahweh (Prov. 24:22)? He was, after all, the Living God.

One final figure who appeared to behave as an enemy in this material must be mentioned: Wisdom. In Proverbs she promised to be one who would scorn her foes and laugh at those who refused her call. This behavior is quite to be expected since it has become evident that enmity was, in fact, a bilateral affair. With Sirach the portrayal of Wisdom's enmity took on another and more problematic dimension: she (temporarily) treated her devotees as an enemy He had himself struggled with her in his youth. Although Sirach's God had become tame and predictable, there were still hazards which could issue from the divine realm, even against the righteous and wise.

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