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This elf-destruction motif also appears on the lips of Wisdom. She urges the "simple" (Mytp) to hearken to her

(1:23) and in Proverbs 1:24-28 pronounces judgment on them together th the "fools" (Mylysk) and "scoffers"

(Mycl). When struck by "panic" (dHp), "calamity"

(dyx) "distress and anguish" (hqvcv hrc) her

indifference to their cries allows them to fall prey to their own deeds and dispositions.

Therefore, they shall eat of the fruit of their way and be sated with their own devices. For the simple are killed by their turning away, the complacence of fools destroys them. Proverbs 1:31-32

Fate fixing actor. Closely related to the perception of the enemies as self-destructive is the fundamental con- viction expressed in Proverbs that people are capable of acting in such a way as to fix their own fate. Life itself is such that a person's deed creates a "sphere" of well- being or ill, corresponding to the character of the deed, which surrounds the person. This "sphere" is a tangible reality which belongs to one almost like a personality.52

much the slave of its appetite that it follows a compulsive desire to eat the grain. So it is with the highwaymen who cannot control their appetite for wealth" (McKane, p. 271). The latter option seems better.

52 K. Koch, "Gibt es eine Vergeltungsdogma im Alten Testament?" Zeitschrift fur Theologie Kirche 52 (1955), 1-42. K. Koch, ed. Um Das Prinzip der Vergeltung in

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