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The house of the wicked will be destroyed (dmw, ni.),

but the tent of the upright will flourish. Proverbs 14:11 54

"The house of the wicked will be destroyed" by whom? Certainly, the niph’al verb could be construed reflex- ively,55 but the "looseness of thought at an early period of the language"56 requires a certain amount of hesitation before deciding whether the agent is to be identified with the subject (reflexive) or someone else (passive). With the pu’al verb, however, no refuge from the question concerning the agent can be sought. By whom are the righteous, and even more the wicked and sinners, "completed" on earth?

Yahweh as "midwife."57 The agent behind this process of completion is, of course, Yahweh. He brings to comple-

tion (Mlw, pi.) what people initiate. Yahweh cooperates

with human actions by allowing deeds to work their way out in personal life, or by expediting the process.

The eyes of Yahweh keep watch over knowledge, but he overthrows (Jls, pi.) the words

of the faithless. Proverbs 22:12

54 Cf intransitive qal verbs in 12:21 and 19:9; niph’al verbs in 9:5, 9 and 24:15-16; 11:23 has no verb, but the question arises, "Whose wrath (171:13) is in view?" G-K 51 c-e. G-K 51f. Th.s formulation of Yahweh as "midwife" comes from Gammie, 1. 55 56 57

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