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Sirach The responses to enemies and their behavior which Sirach counsels are, in several respects, consonant with those noticed in Proverbs. The similarities are not sur- prising for Sirach stands in continuity with the sages responsible for Proverbs. Therefore, his many counsels to reject patterns of behavior characteristic of enemies are

predictable.126 Likewise his admonitions to avoid enemies are expected,127 although in this regard he also sounds a

caution. If it is too late for avoidance because one is already in the presence of an enemy, he advises,

Do not get up and leave an insolent fellow, lest he lie in wait against your words.

Sirach 8:11 The proverbial response of non-anxiety in the face of

enemies is considerably less noticeable in Sirach.128

accomplish by text critical means what Crenshaw achieves by philology. Lauha, p. 210, comments, "Jedenfalls legen all, genannten Grunde die Annahme nahe, V. la als orthodoxen Zusatz zu Kohelets Text zu betrachten."

126 Cf. Sir. 1:30; 3:10, 12-13; 4:1-5, 9, 20, 22, 27, 29-30; 5:1-9, 14-6:2; 7:1, 3, 7-9, 11-13, 16-18, 20, 26a, 34. 8:5-6, 10; 9:10; 10:6, 23, 26-27; 11:2, 4, 23-24; 13:10; 15:11-12; 16:17-23; 17:26; 18:15, 30; 19:7-12; 21:2; 23:9; 28:8-12; 30:38 (30:29); 34(31):21, 25, 31; 35(32)02,

127 Cf. 7:2, 6, 26b;

15-16; 9:2-5, 8, 13; 11:9,

29-31, 33; 12:13-15; 13:1-7, 11, 15-20; 17:14; 19:26-28; 21:2; 23:12-13; 29:22; 32(35):3; 36:31(26); 37:11; 40:29.

128

9:11-12; 11:21.

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