basis of the discussion in Chapter 2, "Enemy Designations in the Wisdom Literature."
A second avenue to the location of enemies in wisdom literature is to note which figures are described as enemies are described in the Psalter. This involves, of course, determining how enemies' actions and dispositions are pre- sented in the Psalms59 and then locating any of these actions and dispositions which appear in the wisdom litera- ture.60 As will be seen, some figures (such as the "lord of anger" in Prov. 22:24) appear as subjects of these actions or dispositions who did not appear in the discussion of enemy designations. These new enemies have been called "derivative enemies,”61 and they form the basis for the discussion in Chapter 3, "Derivative Enemies in the Wisdom Literature."
Following the groundwork laid by locating enemy desig- nations and folk who act like enemies within the wisdom literature, the possibility of asking after wise responses to the enemy will emerge. Are beneficent (Prov. 25:21-22)
Der leidende Gerechte und seine Feinde: Eine Wortfeldunter- suchung (Wurzburg: Echter Verlag, 1973), pp. 7-97.
59 60 Ruppert, pp. 111-168. See "Appendix II: Enemy Behaviors within the Wisdom Literature."
See "Appendix III: Derivative Enemies Designations."