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ambiguous. Even when described in such hyperbole as is heard in Wisdom, these acts of God are hardly transparent. Their evaluation is dependent upon one's prior stance toward God. Therefore, after describing the waters which covered the Egyptians, the notice is made that

by the same means by which thou didst punish

our enemies thou didst call us to thyself and glorify us.

Wisdom of Solomon 18:8

Perhaps the most striking motive behind the responses to the enemy in the Wisdom of Solomon is the role of creation. The notion that creation turned a beneficent face toward the righteous and a hostile one toward the wicked is,

of course, nothing new with the Wisdom of Solomon.191 The

exaggeration of this theme, however, is striking. In the Wisdom of Solomon 5:15-16 the blessed estate of the righteous is described in glowing terms. Then, without any transition, the theme of creation as God's warrior appears to close the passage.

The Lord will take his zeal as his whole

armor, and will arm all creation to repel his enemies; he will put on righteousness as a breastplate, and wear impartial justice as a helmet; he will take holiness as an invincible shield, and sharpen stern wrath for a sword, and creation will join with him to fight

against the madmen. Shafts of lightning will fly with true aim, and will leap to the target as from a well-

drawn bow of clouds,

191

See Chapter 3, n. 113.

295

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