THE "ENEMY" IN ISRAELITE WISDOM LITERATURE
John Keating Wiles, Ph.D. The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1982 Chairman: Marvin E. Tate
The purpose of the dissertation was to demonstrate that the Israelite sages were aware of the enemies known from the Psalms. Following a brief survey of interpretations of the enemies in the Psalms, the study began by noting and dis- cussing all designations of enemies located in individual laments, thanksgiving songs, and songs of confidence which also appeared in the wisdom literature.
A second avenue was to note which figures were described as enemies were described in the Psalter. This involved determining how enemies were portrayed in the Psalms and then locating similar presentations in the wisdom literature. Some figures were portrayed with enemy char- acteristics in the wisdom literature who did not appear in the Psalms. These new enemy figures were called "derivative enemies."
Following this groundwork the possibility of asking aster wise responses to the enemy emerged. The leading question was whether or not Proverbs 25:21-22, with its