ethic vis-a-vis enemies, but the present discussion is concerned with the identity of the enemy. In this regard, they offer no guidance; presumably, the enemy in question is self-evident. With the observations, however, descriptions of the enemy are provided. Hence, these must be examined more closely.
A hater makes himself unknown with his lips, and sets deceit in his innards; When he makes his voice gracious, do not rely on him, for seven abominations are in his heart. Hatred is concealed with guile, his evil is uncovered in assembly. Proverbs 26:24-26 Reliable are the wounds of a friend, while plentiful are the kisses of a hater. Proverbs 27:6
The xnvW of these two observations is a classic
example of duplicity. The descriptions are not identical, but they are coherent. Fundamentally, this figure is deceptive. The deception turns on an interior-exterior axis. Externally all is pleasant and gracious, even affectionate, while internally the hater is full of deceit, abominations, guile and evil. The xnvW disguises
interior reality with speech and kisses; the means of falsification in both observations involve the organs of speech, A further complication in recognizing the xnVW
is that his true disposition is revealed not in the daily course of events but "in assembly"; that is, in view of