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wicked.23 These observations, however, are hardly any aid in an attempt to delineate the wicked further. The next step must be to see how the wicked reveal themselves.

The wicked have access to the cult, but their partici- pation is abominable for they sacrifice with ulterior motives.24 For them the cult is a means to some other end rather than an authentic expression of non-instrumental worship. Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to recog- nize the wicked by cultic behavior since the evaluation of "abomination" is Yahweh's prerogative.25

The demeanor of the wicked. In terms of their demeanor the wicked have haughty eyes, a proud heart, and their face makes a bold, or perhaps harsh, appearance.26 In spite of such bravado, however, the mashal tradition humorously observes that the wicked flee when no one pursues; the righteous under such circumstances feel confident as a lion.27

23 H. Schmid, Wesen und Geschichte der Weisheit: Eine Untersuch zur Altorientalischen und Israelitischen Weisheitsliterature (Berlin: Verlag Alfred Topelmann, 1966), p. 160.

24 25

21:27; cf. 15:8.

15:8; 21:27 MT reads simply hbfvt, but the Greek

reads bdelugma kuri&.

26

21:4, 29.

27

28:1.

37

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