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The Animals Group

Animals used as metaphors for hostile figures appear in Proverbs. Whenever these metaphors are used to point up the threatening or dangerous characteristics of the referent, they occur in connection with some royal personage.95 Another enemy metaphor concentrates attention on the dis- gusting behavior of a fool who is like a "dog returning to his vomit,"96 while on yet another occasion the reference is quite simply to a dog as a dog.97

Job The book of Job opens with a story about a righteous man whose piety was tested by God at the prodding of one of the "sons of God," the Adversary. Job's piety is vindi- cated,98 but his suffering continues. In the midst of this suffering Job's three friends, Eliphaz, Bildad and Zophar, come to console him. The encounter between these four is contentious as Job complains that his suffering does not correspond with his piety, and the friends urge him to repent. When the three friends fail to bring about Job's

95 19:12; 20:2; 28:15; in a non-threatening use, empha- sizing courage, the righteous are compared to a lion (28:1). 26:11. 26:17. Job 1:22; 2:10. 96 97 98

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