repentance a young man, Elihu, appears who argues against Job. The last figure to appear in this discussion is Yahweh who asks Job a series of overwhelming questions to which Job can only respond in humble submission to the divine majesty. The book closes with Yahweh's affirmation of Job, condemna- tion of the three friends and restoration of Job's family, friends and property, even "more than his beginning" (42:12).
The narrative setting of the book of Job which is pro- vided by the prologue (ch. 1-2) and the epilogue (42:7-17) occasionally allows an identification of the enemies as characters in the "dramatized lament."99 The speeches of the poetic dialogue (3:1-42:6) which form the bulk of the book allow greater opportunity for description of the enemies than any of the forms in Proverbs. This formal distinction, however, must not be pressed overly much for Job's friends, as well as Job himself, are often simply repeating what has become orthodox doctrine. A more impor- tant formal consideration is the fact that Job's speeches are modeled after the traditional laments while those of his friends are disputations and indictments.100 These
99 C. Westermann, The Structure of the Book of Job: A Form-Critical Analysis, trans. by C. Muenchow: (Phila- delphia: Fortress Press, 1981), pp. 8ff.
100 Westermann, The Structure of the Book of Job, pp. 10, 17-25.