forms, especially the lament, typically include mention of enemies. More frequent appearance of the enemies may, therefore, be expected.
The book of Job utilizes a fuller complement of words belonging to the byvx-group. Whereas Proverbs used only
byvx, xnvW and xnWm, this poet uses these three
as well as Mmvqtm,102 rc103 and
The most frequently used of these is NFWh,
but it appears only in the prologue and always refers to the heavenly adversary who indicts Job's piety. Otherwise, these words are most often found in Job's speeches.105
101 byvx in Job 13:24; 27:7; 33:10: xnvW in 8:22; 34:17; xnWm in 31:29.
102 103 104
20:27; 27:7. 6:23; 16:9; 19:11. 1:6, 7 (2x), 8, 9, 12 (2x); 2:1, 2 (2x), 3, 4, 6, 7.
byvx in 13:24 and 27:7, if the latter belongs to
Job; the transmission of the "third cycle" of speeches is consistently judged to be corrupt with no agreement as to its reconstruction; cf. Westermann, The Structure of the Book of Job; R. Gordis, The Book of Job: Commentary, New Translation and Special Studies (New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1978); M. Pope, Job: Introduction, Translation, and Notes (3rd ed., Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, 1973). Job 33:10, although found in an Elihu speech, should really be attrib-
uted to Job as it is an allusion to 13:24. Mmvqtm in 27:7; rc in 6:23; 16:9; 19:11; xnWm in 31:29.