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Outside Job's speeches the designations of the enemies from the byvx-group appear only in a speech of Bildad

(8:22)115 and in one by Elihu (34:17).116 Elihu adds a new dimension to this vocabulary. In a rhetorical question he speaks of one who hates not someone but rather something (Fpwm). Enmity has been depersonalized by being con-

strued as a relationship between a person and a principle. Elihu is now giving a lecture.117

The fwr-Group

The wicked (fwr) appear twenty-five times in the

book of Job. They are mentioned by each of the major figures in the book.118 That the wicked are those who stand outside a sound, healthy relationship to God in Job as in Proverbs is indicated by the prominent relationship to the

"profane" or "godless" (JnH),119 the "unjust" (lyvf,

115 Otherwise, Bildad mentions in 8:20 "evildoers" (Myfrm) and, antithetically, the "blameless" (Mt).

116 hmmvqtm in 20:27 (Zophar) is used verbally rather than substantively; its subject is Crx.

117 Westermann, The Structure of the Book of Job, p. 140.

118 Job in 3:17; 9:22, 24; 10:3; 16:11; 21:7, 16, 17, 28; 24:6; 27:7, 13; Eliphaz in 15:20; 22:18; Bildad in 8:22; 18:5; Zophar in 11:20; 20:5, 29; Elihu in 34:18; 36:6, 17; and Yahweh in 38:13, 15; 40:12.

119

20:5; cf. 8:13; 15:34; 27:8; 34:30; 36:13.

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