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that one fate comes to all.170 Hence, these pairings are simply conventional, a concession to his audience. Had Qoheleth been seriously concerned with delimiting the meanings of the wicked and the righteous, he might well have chosen less traditional pairings.

The only other word from the fwr-group which

Qoheleth uses is "oppressor" (qwvf). The observation

is made that these oppressors had power on their side while their victims had only tears.

Again I saw all the oppressions that are practiced under the sun. And, behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they had no one to comfort them! On the side of their oppressors there was power, and there was no one to comfort them.

Qoheleth 4:1

The Neutral Group Among the neutral terms used to designate enemies, only

rw ("prince") is used by Qoheleth.171 The ambiguity of

the designation is demonstrated particularly well by its appearance in Qoheleth. He pronounces a woe to the land because her king is a boy and her princes feast in the morning. In the very next breath, however, he pronounces a blessing upon the land whose king is the son of freedmen

170 The point is made again in 9:3a, "This is an evil in all that is done under the sun, that one fate comes to all." 10:16, 17. 171

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