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in the "Hymn to the Fathers" (44:1-50:24), the recognition that wisdom is revealed in the Torah (24:23-27: 39:1-5) and the more frequent appearance of prayer forms, learned no doubt from the Psalms.

The byvx-Group

The primary Greek word which translates byvx is

exqroj.175 As the major Greek word it will be the starting point of this discussion. The Greek text of Sirach uses exqroj thirty-four times.176 Clustering around this word are most of the other designations belonging to the byvx-group.177 Only the designations "hateful man"

(mishtoj anqrwpoj),178 "the one who reviles a friend" (o oneidizwn filon),179 and the "adversary"

175 Exqroj is used to translate byvx 246 times; otherwise, exqroj translates rc (34x), rrc (9x) , xnvW (7x) rvw (6x), brx, yvg, rf, and xbwm (2x each), and hbyx, lkx, rz, tm, tmc (hi.) Mvq (hith.) and fr (once each). The Hebrew byvx is

also I translated by upenantioj (11x), exqra and exqrainwn (2x each), and diwkontej, ekqlibwn, exqreuwn, qlibontwn and polemioj (once each) .

176 5:15; 6:1, 4, 9, 13; 12:8, 9, 10, 16(2x); 18:31; 19:8; 20:23; 23:3; 25:7, 14, 15; 27:18; 29:6, 13; 30:3, 6; 33(36):7, 10; 37:2; 42:11; 45:2; 46:1, 5, 7, 16; 47:7; 49:9; 51:8.

177 Anqesthkotaj (46:6); antidikon (33 [36]: 6[7]); exqran (6:9; 37:2); paresthkotwn (51:2); upenantiwn -ouj (23:3; 47:7).

178

20:15.

179

22:20.

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