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Another group of passages which provide little help in clarifying the enemy are the prayers which Sirach composed. The lament of Sirach 22:27-23:6 refers to "adversaries" (upenantwn), "enemy" (exqroj), "haughty eyes"

(meterismon ofqalmwn), and the "shameless soul" (yux^ aneidei) while that of Sirach 33(36):1-17 prays

for Israel's deliverance from "foreign nations" (eqnh allotria), the "adversary" (antidikon), the

"enemy" (exqroj) the "survivor" (s&zomenoj), "those-who harm your (i.e., God's) people" (oi kakountej tou laou sou), and the "rulers of the enemy" (arxontwn exqrwn). The

thanksgiving song of Sirach 51:1-12 similarly refers to deliverance from the "slanderous tongue" (diabolhj glwsshj),

"lying lips" (xeilwn ergazomenwn yeudoj), "bystanders" (paresthkotwn), "gnashings of teeth" (brugmwn etaimon), "hand of those seeking my life" (xeiroj zhtountwn thn yuxhn mou), "fire" (puroj) , "belly of Hades" (koiliaj %dou), "unclean tongue and lying word" (glwsshj akaqartou kai logou yeudoj), "enemies" (exqrwn) and "proud" (uperhfaniwn). In each of these three passages there is

in the universe." N. Peters, Das Buch Jesus Sirach oder Ecclesiasticus (Munster: Aschendorffsche Terlagsbuch- handlung, 1915), pp. 176f., "Der Satan ist genannt als eigene schwache and verderbteWale des-Minschen (vgl. Jak,. 1, 14f.) Damit ist naturlichdie teuflische Versuchung nicht absolut-ausgeschlossen."

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