On December 31, 2000, Unit 6, *an over-income unit, was* vacated and *an income-qualified* household moved on February 1, 2001, *at a rent- restricted rate*. The current fraction (excluding all of the over-income units) increased to 80%.
*Because the current fraction excluding the over-income units meets the 80% applicable fraction for the building, the remaining over-income units, Units 7 and 8, may be rented at market rate (depending on the terms of the leases)*. Once the percentage of low-income units in the building (excluding the over-income units) equals the percentage of low-income units on which the credit is based, failure to maintain the over-income units as low-income units has no immediate significance.
Example 2: Lease Reservation Signed Prior to the Effective Date of a Unit Becoming an Over-Income Unit
A project consists of one building with 10 units of equal size. The project is currently "in compliance" with respect to the qualified basis. Unit 10 is a vacant market rate unit. A household *with income exceeding the limit* signs a lease on June 25, 2000, for unit 10 and intends to move in on July 5, 2000. The lease term is from July 5, 2000 to June 30, 2001. Unit 6 was an over-income *unit on* July 1, 2000. *Under local law, no other person may rent Unit 10 between June 25, 2000 and July 5, 2000.*
The building remains "in compliance" even though the *next* available unit was occupied after the effective date of the over-income unit because a unit is not available for purposes of the Available Unit Rule if the unit is unavailable due to contractual arrangements that are binding under local law. See Treas. Reg. §1.42-15(c).
Out of Compliance
Under Treas. Reg. §1.42-15(c), noncompliance occurs when a comparable or smaller unit than the over-income unit is rented to a nonqualified household when the current applicable fraction (excluding all over-income units from the numerator, but not the denominator) is less than the applicable fraction for which the credit is based. The date of a noncompliance event is the date the market *rate unit is occupied* or the reservation, if earlier.
Example 1: Moving In Nonqualified Household When Over-Income *Units* Have Not Been Replaced
A project consists of one building with ten units of equal size. Units 1 through 8 are low-income units. Unit 9 is a market rate unit. Unit 10 is a vacant market rate unit. The applicable fraction for the credit is 80 percent. The current applicable fraction is 80 percent and the building is presently in compliance.
Units 6 and 7 were determined to be over-income. The rents for these two units remain rent restricted. The current applicable fraction remains at 80%.
Revised October 2009