Chapter 3 Guidelines for Determining Noncompliance
State agencies are responsible for determining whether owners are compliant with the requirements of IRC §42 and its regulations. Professional judgment should be used to identify significant noncompliance issues, establish the scope and depth of the project/building review, and apply the law and regulations to the facts and circumstances of the case in a fair and impartial manner. This chapter includes guidelines to assist the state agencies meet these responsibilities.
Current Noncompliance Issues
Initial Physical Inspection and
Tenant File Review
Treas. Reg. §1.42-5(c)(2)(ii)(A) requires state agencies to conduct on-site inspections of all b u i l d i n g s i n t h e p r o j e c t , a n d f o r a t l e a s t 2 0 p e r c e n t o f t h e l o w - i n c o m e u n i t s , i n s p e c t t h e units and review the certifications, the documentation supporting the certifications, and the rent records for the tenants in those units, by the end of the second calendar year following
the year the last building is placed in service.
Under Treas. Reg. §1.42-14(d)(2)(ii), an allocation of credit may not be returned any later than 180 days following the close of the first tax year of the credit period. Therefore, it is highly recommended that the first review of the LIHC project be conducted within that timeframe. Under specific circumstances, previously allocated credits can be reclaimed and returned to the state’s credit ceiling if necessary. 1 Timely review of the initial lease-up provides owners an opportunity to correct problems early in the compliance period.
Subsequent Physical Inspections and Tenant File Reviews
Treas. Reg. §1.42-5(c)(2)(ii)(B) requires that, at least once every 3 years, state agencies conduct on-site inspections of all buildings in the project and, for at least 20 percent of the project’s low-income units, inspect the units and review the certifications, documentation supporting the certifications, and the rent records for all the tenants living in the units.
Example 1: Current Tenant Income (Re)Certification and Documentation
An LIHC building was placed in service and the first tax year of the credit period was 2000. The state agency inspected the property and reviewed tenant certification in May 2001; no noncompliance issues were identified. The next inspection and review were conducted in April 2004; the tenant files were reviewed using the most recent recertification, or initial income certifications for tenants moving into the building within the last year.
Reporting Current Noncompliance
Under Treas. Reg. §1.42-5(a), state agencies are required to report any noncompliance of which the agency becomes aware. Agencies should report all noncompliance, without regard to whether the identified outstanding noncompliance is subsequently corrected.
The inspection standard for on-site inspections of buildings and LIHC units generally requires state agencies to determine whether the building and units are suitable for
See chapter 21.
Revised October 2009