Chapter 1 Introduction
State Agency Responsibilities
State and local housing credit agencies (herein referred to as “state agencies”) are responsible for monitoring low-income housing credit (LIHC) properties for compliance with the requirements of Internal Revenue Code (IRC) §42; for example, health and safety standards, rent ceilings and income limits, and tenant qualifications. State agencies perform desk audits, inspect housing, and review tenant files. 1 When noncompliance is identified or *the state agency becomes aware of a disposition of a building*, the state agencies are required to notify the Internal Revenue Service using Form 8823, Low- Income Housing Credit Agencies Report of Noncompliance or Building Disposition.
Briefly, a state agency performs a desk audit, conducts a site visit, or reviews the owner’s tenant files and provides the owner with a summary report of its findings. If the report indicates noncompliance, the owner is expected to respond to the state agency within a maximum of 90 days to provide clarification or document that issues of noncompliance have been addressed. Then, the state agency determines whether the owner was always in compliance, has corrected the noncompliance, or remains out of compliance. The time to correct the noncompliance may be extended up to a total of 6 months with state agency approval. *Regardless of whether the owner remedied the noncompliance or remains out of compliance, a Form 8823 must be filed with the IRS.*
If the state agency reports that the owner is out of compliance, the IRS sends a notification letter to the owner identifying the type of noncompliance reported on Form 8823. The notification letter also states that the owner should not include any nonqualified low- income housing units when computing the tax credit under IRC §42 and that the noncompliance may result in the recapture of previously claimed credits. The notification letter also instructs the owner to contact the state agency to resolve the issue.
Once the noncompliance is resolved, the state agency should file a “back in compliance” Form 8823. If the noncompliance is corrected within three years after the end of the correction period, the state agency must file a Form 8823.2 See Exhibit 1 at the end of this chapter for a complete description of the process.
IRS Analysis of Forms 8823 Submitted by State Agencies
Forms 8823 are routinely analyzed by the IRS. Based on categories of noncompliance, and without regard to subsequent “back in compliance” Forms 8823, taxpayers are evaluated to determine whether an audit of the owner’s tax return is needed. 3 The taxpayer’s tax returns and all Forms 8823 filed for the property are evaluated. If it is determined that an audit is warranted, the complete file is sent to the appropriate IRS field office. The taxpayer is then notified that an audit has been scheduled. It should be noted that this is
1 State agencies perform “desk audits” of information submitted to their office rather than inspecting the documents at the property site; e.g., annual reports required under Treas. Reg. §1.42-5(c).
2 3 Treas. Reg. §1.42-5(e)(3). Forms 8823 are immediately analyzed for audit potential when received from the state agencies. Subsequent receipt of Forms 8823 noting correction of previously reported noncompliance do not impact the original evaluation. Under Treas. Reg. §1.42- 5(e)(3), if the noncompliance is corrected within three years, the state agency is required to file another Form 8823 reporting the corrected noncompliance and documenting the date the taxpayer was back in compliance. From the owner’s perspective, the best strategy is to address noncompliance identified by the state agency quickly so that the initial Form 8823 will indicate that the
Revised October 2009