Health and Safety Violations and Fire Hazard Violations of UPCS
A sink or other related hardware in a kitchen may be missing, which creates unsanitary living conditions.
A permanent light fixture in more than two rooms is missing or not functioning, and no other switched light sources are functioning in the rooms.
Health and safety violations can be divided into non-life threatening and exigent, life threatening conditions.
Non-life threatening events include items such as pavement and walkway problems that create the potential for tripping and falling; missing or non-functioning sinks and bathroom components in individual units that impair human sanitation; missing exterior doors; and floor covering damage.
Exigent health and safety and fire hazards require immediate attention because of their life-threatening potential. Exigent health and safety violations include exposed electrical wires or water leaks on or near electrical equipment; propane /natural gas/methane gas detected; emergency/fire exits that are blocked; unusable fire escapes; gas or oil fired hot water heaters with missing or misaligned chimneys that pose carbon monoxide hazards. Fire safety hazards include missing or inoperative smoke detectors; fire extinguishers expired or window security bars preventing egress from a building.
A casualty loss is defined as the damage, destruction, or loss of property resulting from an identifiable event that is sudden, unexpected, or unusual. A sudden event is one that is swift, not gradual or progressive. An unexpected event is one that is ordinarily unanticipated and unintended. An unusual event is one that is not a day-to- day occurrence and that is not typical for low income housing credit properties. Casualty losses may result from a number of different sources: e.g., car accidents, fires, government-ordered demolitions, hurricanes, mine cave-ins, sonic booms, storms, tornadoes, vandalism, etc. Property damage is not considered a casualty loss if the damage occurred during normal use, the owner willfully caused the damage or was willfully negligent, or was progressive deterioration such as damage caused by termites.
Physical damage to LIHC properties caused by casualty events and which render LIHC residential rental units or buildings, or common areas associated with the property, unsuitable for occupancy is reported as noncompliance with the UPCS or local standards.
*Vacant low-income units must also be suitable for occupancy; i.e., prepared for immediate occupancy. Depending on the facts, state agencies should allow a reasonable period to clean a vacated unit or repair damages caused by a prior tenant.
Example 1: Vacant Units not Suitable For Occupancy
The state agency determined that some vacant LIHC residential units were not suitable for occupancy by new tenants when they conducted a physical inspection of the property. The owner explained that because of the high vacancy rate, there were a sufficient number of empty units suitable for occupancy. All vacant LIHC units that are not suitable for
Revised October 2009