Enel SpA - Italy
Costs and benefits
Cost - €2.1 billion
Projected annual savings - €500 million
32 million smart meters installed from 2000 to 2005; real-time display of home energy usage; pricing options and participation in energy markets; automatic management of the grid in case of outage; monitoring of status of network components; >100,000 substations remotely controlled; automated fault clearing; mobile applications for field crews
More fault detectors, new voltage and current outdoor sensors, distributed generation protection, enable active participation of small and medium customers in power market. Enel coordinates ADDRESS, a consortium of 11 EU countries developing large-scale interactive distribution energy networks.
Sources: “Echelon teams with T-Mobile for cell-based AMI,” Smart Grid Today, 4/23/09;
Enel Spa presentations at Grid Week 2008 and Brussels, 3/19/09