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No.

2006AP450

as

residential,

commercial,

comprehensive

zoning

arose

and industrial.

6

Id.

in

the

early

twentieth

The use of century, and

the

United

States

Department

of

Commerce

encouraged

the

use

of

comprehensive

zoning

act."7

1

Kenneth

H.

by publishing the Young, Anderson's

model "state enabling American Law of Zoning

§ 1.14, at 21 (4th ed. approval of this court

1996). as early

Comprehensive zoning earned the

as

1923.

State

ex

rel.

Carter

v.

Harper,

182

Wis.

148,

196

N.W.

451

(1923);

see

also

Village

of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty (upholding a comprehensive zoning enabling act is found in Chapter 62 See Wis. Stat. § 62.23.

Co., 272 U.S. 365 (1926) ordinance). Wisconsin's of the Wisconsin Statutes.

6

years,

Alternatives to traditional such as "form based zoning"

zoning have arisen over or "mixed use zoning."

the S.

Mark White,

Classifying and Defining Uses

and Building

Forms:

Land-Use

Coding

for

Zoning

Regulations,

American

Planning

Association Devil is in

Zoning Practice, the Definitions,

Sept. 2005, at 2-3; Sonia Hirt, The 73 Journal of the American Planning

Association, at 436 the latest trend in

(Autumn

2007).

"'[F]orm-based

the

planning

profession."

White,

zoning' supra,

is at

3.

It is "based on the

inconsistencies

between

theory that land uses.

design Design

based

zoning]

ordinances

include

building

controls can resolve controls for [form- envelope standards,

building entryway)

,

frontage facade

requirements, coverage, and

fenestration (window and traditional façade modulation

techniques."

Id. at 2.

In contrast,

"mixed use zoning" mixes a

number

of different

limiting

mixed uses.

uses Hirt,

in

respective

zones

rather

than

supra,

at

436.

Many

urbanists

believe

that mixed

vibrancy

to American

use

districts

cities.

Id.

districting

remains

the

mainstay

of

are the key to restoring However, traditional "use most zoning ordinances" and

"this is expected White, supra, at 3.

to

continue

for

the

foreseeable

future."

of

7

See

generally

Zoning

§ 2.21,

1 at

Kenneth 67-69

H. Young,

(4th

ed.

Anderson's American

1996)

(discussing

Law the

significance of the Standard State Zone Enabling Act).

9

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