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7. Where specific job titles dictated by local usage and tradition do not make clear the level of the staff member's qualification and responsibility, it is recommended that reference to the ALA category title be used parenthetically to provide the clarification desirable for communication and reciprocity. For example:

REFERENCE ASSISTANT (Librarian) HEAD CATALOGER (Senior Librarian) LIBRARY AIDE (LIS Assistant)

8. The title "Librarian" carries with it the connotation of "professional" in the sense that professional tasks are those which require a special background and education on the basis of which library needs are identified, problems are analyzed, goals are set, and original and creative solutions are formulated for them, integrating theory into practice, and planning, organizing, communicating, and administering successful programs of service to users of the library's materials and services. In defining services to users, the professional person recognizes potential users as well as current ones, and designs services which will reach all who could benefit from them.

9. The title "Librarian" therefore should be used only to designate positions in libraries which utilize the qualifications and impose the responsibilities suggested above. Positions which are primarily devoted to the routine application of established rules and techniques, however useful and essential to the effective operation of a library's ongoing services, should not carry the word "Librarian" in the job title.

10. Libraries with limited staff would not need staff appointments in each of these categories. It is urged, however, that this basic scheme be introduced wherever possible to permit, where needed, the necessary flexibility in staffing.

11. The salaries for each category should offer a range of promotional steps sufficient to permit a career-in-rank. The top salary in any category should overlap the beginning salary in the next higher category, in order to give recognition to the value of experience and knowledge gained on the job.

12. Libraries should pay particular attention that stratification of personnel not occur along lines of race, ethnicity, or gender. If these patterns of stratification occur, steps should be taken to investigate and ameliorate possible discrimination. Libraries should promote the full education, utilization, and promotion of all employees regardless of race, ethnic background, or gender. Libraries and programs of library and information studies should be particularly sensitive to discrimination patterns that reflect the prejudices of society and should take proactive measures to combat the effects of these influences.

13. Inadequately supported libraries or libraries too small to be able to afford professional staff should nevertheless have access to the services and supervision of a librarian. To obtain the professional guidance that they themselves cannot supply, such libraries should promote cooperative arrangements or join larger systems of cooperating libraries through which supervisory personnel can be supported. Smaller

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