The federal government funds the majority of basic research in the United States, while industry funds the majority of development.
SOURCE: Appendix Tables 4-10, 4-14, and 4-16, Science and Engineering Indicators 2008, National Science Foundation, http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind08.
Figure 3. R&D investment patterns by the federal government and industry for basic and applied research and development: 1950-2006
DIGEST OF KEY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING INDICATORS 2008 – General Science and Engineering Indicators