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JUNIOR STATE ELECTIONS: HOW TO CAST YOUR CHAPTER'S VOTES

FORMULA FOR DELEGATION VOTES & EXPLANATION

The Constitution of The Junior State of America provides that all statewide elected officials shall be elected by an electoral college. Each chapter is granted representation in the electoral college according to the following formula:

Each tax‐paid chapter is entitled to two electoral votes, plus one vote for every four tax‐paid members. All chapters must have a minimum of eight tax‐paid members. All fractions shall be rounded down.

*****At voting time, if a chapter is entitled to more votes than delegates present (i.e. they have 40 tax­paid members, however only 8 are present – while they are entitled to 12 votes, they may only cast 8 – the number of delegates present)

# Tax

# del.

‐paid

on the

# of

Mbrs.

floor

votes

Explanation

8

4

4

8

3

3

18

9

6

18

5

5

2 (votes for a being a chapter) + 2 (8 members divided by 4) 2 (votes for a being a chapter), +2 (8 members divided by 4), limited by 3 present 2 (votes for being a chapter) + 4 (18 members divided by 4, rounded down) 2 (votes for being a chapter), but only 5 members present to cast votes.

BLOCK VOTING

When a candidate receives all of a delegation's votes based on a majority vote of the chapter, the delegation is said to have "Block Voted." Block voting will not be permitted at Spring State. A chapter may vote unanimously for one candidate only if each and every member of the delegation decides individually to vote for the same candidate. If a delegation is suspected of block voting, the presiding officer will poll each member of the chapter present.

VOTING METHODS

There is only one system of voting currently approved by the Lt. Governor in the event that the number of delegates in a chapter exceeds the number of votes allotted to that chapter. The chapter president must cast a vote total which reflects the ratio of the actual chapter vote total to the nearest whole number.

Example: A chapter has 24 tax‐paid members and thus has eight votes (2 votes for being a chapter + 6 votes for having 24 members). However, it has twenty delegates on the floor. By dividing eight (the number of votes) by twenty (the number of delegates), the delegation leader determines that each delegate will have 4/10ths of a vote. Three students vote for candidate A; seven vote for candidate B; and ten vote for candidate C. Candidate A receives 1.2 votes (.4 x 3); candidate B receives 2.8 votes (.4 x 7); and candidate C receives 4 votes (.4 x 10). After rounding off the votes for the electoral college, the chapter president reports 1 vote for A, 3 for B, and 4 for C. Note: When determining the number of votes per candidate using ratios, round to the nearest

whole

number.

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