By using the heuristic model, cost savings per ton of material processed using a new technology, and the net value of separating impurities from process residue can be calculated. Because of incentives to maintain the confidentiality of cost information, the heuristic model ‘was developed to allow generalized analysis of new technology without revealing sensitive information. Methods for using the model, listed below, may not generate detailed information, but may help establish a dialogue between representatives of the mining industry and technologists resulting in information useful in evaluations. One or more of these approaches may provide valuable information that helps the researcher and decision
maker gain information for evaluating a new technology.
Generating information through anonymous responses Generating information through range responses
bottom line responses that do not reveal details
Using the heuristic model as a basis for qualitative evaluation of the technology
Providing sufficient information to promote voluntary cooperation
This report points out opportunities for the mining industry to improve operations by responsible emission and by-product management and low-cost and efficient production. The dialogue between the mining industry, government, and the research community has
strengthened the potential to capture these opportunities and can help realize A
of the Future
ORNL engineers developed simplified descriptions of copper, lead, and zinc processes that identify process residue with high concentrations of commodity metals. These descriptions serve as a starting point for. clarifying the economic benefit of research into methods to recover these metals, or by-products. By identifying highly beneficial opportunities for by- product recovery, research can result in development of technologies that contribute to a more profitable, safer, and environmentally benign mining industry.
This paper identifies process residues by commodity sector as
copper-dust and fine particles,
waste, and gas cleaning sludge;
lead-dust and fine particles, tailings, slag; and zinc-dust and fine particles, liquor residues, undesirable elements in solution, slag.
Opportunities for technology development that result in economical recovery of by-products in the mining industry can be clarified by evaluating data on the value of process residue before separating impurities, after separation, and the cost of separation. Evaluation of
the economics of by-product recovery based on a specific technology’s guide decisions regarding investments in technology development.
J. B. Berry, et al.: Economical ORNL/TM-200 l-225, November 200 1.
of By-products in the
D.J. Peterson, T.
and J. T.
New Forces at Work in Mining: Industry