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Municipal Guide To Clean Water: Conducting Sanitary Surveys to Improve Coastal Water Quality

TMDL (total maximum daily load) study Identifies the amount of a pollutant the receiving water can assimilate without violating water quality criteria or impairing the designated use. It is the loading capacity of a waterbody including a mar- gin of safety to account for uncertainty in targ et-setting.

Vegetative buffer Undeveloped area directly adjacent to a body of water. Reduces runoff, stabilizes soils, provides habi- tat, etc.

Wastewater treatment plant Also referred to as a publicly-owned treatment works (POTW), a sanitary sewer collection

and treatment system.

Watershed The upland land mass which drains to a particular waterbody.

Water quality criteria Specific levels of pollutants, which, if reached or exceeded, are expected to render a body of water unsuitable for its designated use; may adversely affect human health or aquatic life. Unenforceable guidelines issued by a governmental institution or other agency.

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