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National Intelligence Estimates represent the consensus view of 16 agencies, and usually take several months to produce. The House bill, if enacted, would require delivery of the projections within nine months of passage of the legislation.

The Democratic proposal to require that intelligence agencies produce a comprehensive study on climate change has the backing of several retired senior military officers, who last month produced a report concluding that climate change ?poses a serious threat to America?s national security? and could be a tipping point that further destabilizes fragile regimes.

?In already weakened states, extreme weather events, drought, flooding, sea level rise, retreating glaciers and the rapid spread of life-threatening diseases will themselves have likely effects: increased migrations, further weakened and failed states? the report said.

The report concluded that the United States would be increasingly asked to provide stability and reconstruction resources during these situations.

That report was written by retired Gen. Anthony C. Zinni, the former head of United States Central Command; retired Gen. Charles F. Wald, former deputy commander of United States European Command; and several other retired generals and admirals.

The sum of money authorized in the intelligence bill is classified, but Congressional officials said the total was larger than the amount the White House requested.

The intelligence bill is the first to come up for a vote since the Democrats took control of Congress in January, and officials said there was a broad consensus among Democrats and Republicans that favored increasing financing for intelligence-collection staff, improving language training for Central Intelligence Agency operatives, and stationing more intelligence analysts overseas.

A Democratic amendment was offered during public debate on Wednesday that would require detainees in C.I.A. custody to receive regular visits from the International Red Cross. The proposal was withdrawn but might be reconsidered later, the officials said.


El Pais:Expertos de la ONU afirman que frenar el cambio climático es posible y más barato que no hacer nada

Detener el calentamiento global costaría un 0,1% del PIB mundial y no hacer nada, el 0,3%, según el último informe oficial

AGENCIAS / ELPAIS.com - Bangkok / Madrid - 04/05/2007

Los expertos de la ONU han concluido que para limitar el calentamiento global a dos grados centígrados las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero deberán empezar a reducirse a partir de 2015. Los especialistas afirman que ello costaría un 0,12% del Producto Interior Bruto Mundial y que en la actualidad existen medios técnicos suficientes para alcanzar dicho objetivo.

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