Under the protocol, Japan pledged to cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 6 percent from its 1990 level by 2010. We now know this is a hard goal to achieve because the nation's level of gas emissions has been increasing instead.
Under such circumstances, both the public and private sectors are reviewing measures. The level of emissions from the industrial sector has stopped growing since 1990, while, on the other hand, figures from the transportation sector and households have greatly increased.
How we are going to deal with such increases is an important aspect to be discussed. The government has plans to meet the goal with detailed targets and currently is reviewing them one by one to examine what is feasible and what is not.
For example, for the industrial sector, the number of energy-saving products to be manufactured can be clearly specified. For the household category, however, the government cannot force consumers to replace vehicles, air conditioners and other home electrical appliances with new energy-saving products. Therefore, how the government proceeds in this respect will be the key to the future.
Regarding international cooperation, the protocol proposed three mechanisms with which developed countries, such as Japan, can try to meet their emission targets, such as by introducing technologies to cut carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions in other countries.
As for the post-Kyoto Protocol period, scientists have made various proposals. Actions to protect the environment should be taken at the global level. But unfortunately, the United States has not ratified the protocol, while developing nations have not set numerical targets for greenhouse gas emissions.
Therefore, under the Kyoto mechanisms, particularly the Clean Development Mechanism, developed countries with numerical targets and developing nations without them can work together to cut gas emissions. By making this system function ideally, developing countries can be included in the future framework as their levels of gas emissions will likely increase.
Among various proposals for the next framework is a sectoral approach, which sets targets in each industry. The study from tests based on the data from the first commitment period and various scenarios showed that this approach would be the most effective way.
By expanding this approach with energy-efficiency targets to developing countries, CO2 emissions could greatly be reduced in the future.
Newindpress (subscription) - Chennai,India : NRI Oriya bags award
Thursday May 3 2007 15:58 IST
BERHAMPUR: After Dr Kailash Sahu, who made the Oriyas proud by discovering 16 planets in the Milky Way, Dr Sachidananda Satpathy of Ganjam district has brought laurels to the State by bagging the prestigious Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award for 2007.
The US Environment Protection Agency (EPA) presented the award to him on Tuesday at Washington. Dr Satpathy has been working as National Programme Manager in SPPU, Ozone Cell under the UNDP-implemented project (Ministry of Environment) since 2003.