November 15, 2007 / Volume 110 / Number 10
McGlynn KA, Tarone RE, El-Serag HB. A comparison of trends in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in the United States. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006;15:1198–1203. London WT, McGlynn KA. Liver cancer. In: Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni J, editors. Cancer Epidemiology and Preven- tion. New York: Oxford University Press; 2006:763–786. Perz J , Armstrong GL, Farrington LA, Hutin YJ, Bell BP. The contributions of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C vi- rus infections to cirrhosis and primary liver cancer world- wide. J Hepatol. 2006;45:529–538. Chen MS Jr. Cancer health disparities among Asian Amer- icans: what we do and what we need to do. Cancer. 2005;104(12 suppl):2895–2902. Swan J, Edwards BK. Cancer rates among American Indians and Alaska Natives: is there a national perspec- tive? Cancer. 2003;98:1262–1272. Lanier A , Kelly JJ, Maxwell J, McEvoy T, Homan C. Can- cer in Alaska Native people, 1969–2003. Alaska Med. 2006;48:30–59. Kelly JJ, Lanier A , Alberts S, Wiggins CL. Differences in cancer incidence among Indians in Alaska and New Mex- ico and U.S. whites, 1993–2002. Cancer Epidemiol Biomar- kers Prev. 2006;15:1515–1519. Puukka E, Stehr-Green , Becker TM. Measuring the health status gap for American Indians/Alaska Natives: getting closer to the truth. Am J Public Health. 2005;95:
838–843. Gilliland FD,
tobacco use among southwestern rural American Indians: the New Mexico American Indian Behavioural Risk Factor Survey. Tob Control. 1998;7:156–160. Peterson E, Fenaughty A, Eberhart-Phillips J. Tobacco in the Great Land: A Portrait of Alaska’s Leading Cause of Death. Anchorage, Alaska: Section of Epidemiology, Divi- sion of Public Health, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services; 2004. Available at URL: http://www.epi. hss.state.ak.us/pubs/tobacco04/t04_complete.pdf Accessed May 19, 2007. Key CR. Cancer incidence and mortality in New Mexico, 1973–77. In: Young JL Jr, Percy CL, Asire AI, editors. Sur- veillance, Epidemiology, and End Results: Incidence and Mortality Data, 1973–77. NCI Monograph 57, NIH Publi- cation No. 81-2330. Bethesda, Md: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute; 1981. Nutting PA, Freeman WL, Risser DR, et al. Cancer inci- dence among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1980 through 1987. Am J Public Health. 1993;83:1589– 1598. Sievers ML. Cigarette and alcohol usage by southwestern American Indians. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1968;
58:71–82. DeStefano vey on the
, Coulehan JL, Wiant MK. Blood Navajo Indian reservation. Am
pressure sur- J Epidemiol.
1979;109:335–345. Samet JM, Kutvirt
mining and lung cancer 1984;310:1481–1484. Gilliland FD, Hunt WC,
in Navajo men. N Engl J Med.
Pardilla M, Key CR. Uranium
mining and lung cancer ico and Arizona, 1969 to 42:278–283.
Navajo men in
Akhter M, Nishino Y, Nakaya N, et al. Cigarette smoking and the risk of colorectal cancer among men: a prospec- tive study in Japan. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2007;16:102–107.
Chao A, Thun MJ, Jacobs EJ, Henley SJ, Rodriguez C, Calle EE. Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer mortality in the Cancer Prevention Study II. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000; 92:1888–1896.
Zisman AL, Nickolov A, Brand RE, Gorchow A, Roy HK. Associations between the age at diagnosis and location of colorectal cancer and the use of alcohol and tobacco: impli- cations for screening. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166:629–634.
Larsson SC, Orsini N, Wolk A. Diabetes mellitus and risk of colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005;97:1679–1687.
Larsson SC, Giovannucci E, Wolk A. Diabetes and colorec- tal cancer incidence in the cohort of Swedish men. Diabe- tes Care. 2005;28:1805–1807.
Limburg PJ, Vierkant RA, Fredericksen ZS, et al. Clinically confirmed type 2 diabetes mellitus and colorectal cancer risk: a population-based, retrospective cohort study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006;101:1872–1879.
Acton KJ, Burrows NR, Moore K, Querec L, Geiss LS, Engelgau MM. Trends in diabetes prevalence among American Indian and Alaska native children, adolescents, and young adults. Am J Public Health. 2002;92:1485–1490.
Burrows NR, Geiss LS, Engelgau MM, Acton KJ. Preva- lence of diabetes among Native Americans and Alaska Natives, 1990–1997: an increasing burden. Diabetes Care. 2000;23:1786–1790.
Acton KJ. The Many Voices of the Special Diabetes Program for Indians: Reflections on the Past, Directions for the Future,
Presentation for the 2006 IHS Division of Diabetes Treatment and Prevention Regional Meetings. Available at URL: http://www.ihs.gov/MedicalPrograms/diabetes/[regio- nal_mtg_kaps2006.asp Accessed June 14, 2007.
Schraag J. She’ll do—quite well! Pioneering the murky waters of nurse practitioner-led screening colonoscopies [electronic resource]. EndoNurse 2006. Available at URL: http://www.endonurse.com/articles/6c1feat3. Accessed May 10, 2007.
Meltzer W. Nurses doing flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonscopy [electronic resource]. Outpatient Surg. Avail- able at URL: http://www.outpatientsurgery.net/2004/os05/ nurses_flexible_sigmoidoscopy_colonoscopy.php Accessed May 10, 2007.
Yip R, Limburg PJ, Ahlquist DA, et al. Pervasive occult gastrointestinal bleeding in an Alaska native population with prevalent iron deficiency. Role of Helicobacter pylori gastritis. JAMA. 1997;277:1135–1139.
Kaur JS, Roubidoux MA, Sloan J, Novotny P. Can the Gail model be useful in American Indian and Alaska Native populations? Cancer. 2004;100:906–912.
Moore LE, Wilson RT, Campleman SL. Lifestyle factors, exposures, genetic susceptibility, and renal cell cancer risk: a review. Cancer Invest. 2005;23:240–255.
Farivar-Mohseni H, Perlmutter AE, Wilson S, Shingleton WB, Bigler SA, Fowler JE Jr. Renal cell carcinoma and end stage renal disease. J Urol. 2006;175:2018–2020; discussion
Narva AS. The spectrum of kidney disease in American Indians. Kidney Int. 2003;83(suppl):S3–S7.
Shaffer EA. Gallstone disease: epidemiology of gallbladder stone disease. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2006;20: 981–996.