Everhart JE, Yeh , Lee ET, et al. Prevalence of gallbladder disease in American Indian populations: findings from the Strong Heart Study. Hepatology. 2002;35:1507–1512.
Hsing H, Rashid A, Devesa SS, Fraumeni J.Biliary tract cancer. In: Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni J, editors. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. New York, NY: Oxford Uni- versity Press; 2006.
Barakat J, Dunkelberg JC, Ma TY. Changing patterns of gallbladder carcinoma in New Mexico. Cancer. 2006;106: 434–440.
Wiggins CL, Becker TM, Key CR, Samet JM. Stomach can- cer among New Mexico’s American Indians, Hispanic whites, and non-Hispanic whites. Cancer Res. 1989;49: 1595–1599.
Alberts SR, Kelly JJ, Lanier A , Sacco F. Occurrence of esophageal and gastric cancer in Alaska Natives, 1969–
Alaska Med. 2006;48:2–11.
Correa P. Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2003;12:238s–241s.
Bernstein CN, McKeown I, Embil JM, et al. Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori, incidence of gastric cancer, and peptic ulcer-associated hospitalizations in a Canadian Indian population. Dig Dis Sci. 1999;44:668–674.
Gammon M, Schoenberg J, Ahsan H, et al. Tobacco, alco- hol, and socioeconomic status and adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1997;89: 1277–1284.
Sasazuki S, Sasaki S, Tsugane S. Cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and subsequent gastric cancer risk by subsite and histologic type. Int J Cancer. 2002;101:560–566.
Lagergren J, Bergstrom R, Nyren O. Association between body mass and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. Ann Intern Med. 1999;130:883–890.
Indian Health Service. Trends in Indian Health, 1998–
Rockville, Md: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Indian Health Service; 2000.
Bialek S, Redd JT, Lynch AC , et al. Chronic liver disease among 2 American Indian patient populations in the Southwestern United States: 2000–2003. J Clin Gastroen- terol. In press.
Rawls RA, Vega KJ. Viral hepatitis in minority America. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2005;39:144–151.
Anderson RN, Smith BL. Deaths: leading causes for 2002. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2005;53:1–89.
Dennis TD. Cancer stage at diagnosis, treatment, and sur- vival among American Indians and non-American Indians in Montana. Cancer. 2000;89:181–186.
Bleed DM, Risser DR, Sperry S, Hellhake D, Helgerson SD. Cancer incidence and survival among American Indians registered for Indian health service care in Montana, 1982–1987. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1992;84:1500–1505.
Brown MO, Lanier A , Becker TM. Colorectal cancer inci- dence and survival among Alaska Natives, 1969–1993. Int J Epidemiol. 1998;27:388–396.
Lanier A , Holck , Kelly J, Smith B, McEvoy T. Alaska Native cancer survival. Alaska Med. 2001;43:61–69, 83.
Clegg LX, Li F , Hankey B , Chu K, Edwards BK. Cancer survival among US whites and minorities: a SEER (Sur- veillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) Program popu- lation-based study. Arch Intern Med. 2002;162:1985–1993.
Frost , Tollestrup K, Hunt WC, Gilliland , Key CR, Urbina CE. Breast cancer survival among New Mexico Hispanic, American Indian, and non-Hispanic white women (1973–
. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1996;5:861–866.
Report to the Nation, 19752004/Espey et al.
138. Becker SA, Affonso DD, Beard MB. Talking circles: North- ern Plains tribes American Indian women’s views of can- cer as a health issue. Public Health Nurs. 2006;23:27– 36.
Burhansstipanov L. Community-driven Native American cancer survivors’ quality of life research priorities. J Can- cer Educ. 2005;20(1 suppl):7–11.
Burhansstipanov L, Tenney M, Russell S, Bad Wound D, Plomer K. Overview of the Native American Cancer Con- ference III. Risk factors, outreach and intervention strate- gies. Cancer. 1996;78(7 suppl):1527–1532.
Cunningham-Sabo L, Davis SM. Pathways to health. A health promotion and cancer prevention project for American Indian youth. Alaska Med. 1993;35:275–278,
Gorin SS, Heck JE, Cheng B, Smith SJ. Delays in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment by racial/ethnic group. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166:2244–2252.
Allgar VL, Neal RD. Delays in the diagnosis of six cancers: analysis of data from the National Survey of NHS Patients: Cancer. Br J Cancer. 2005;92:1959–1970.
Chao A, Becker TM, Jordan SW, Darling R, Gilliland FD, Key CR. Decreasing rates of cervical cancer among Ameri- can Indians and Hispanics in New Mexico (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 1996;7:205–213.
Indian Health Service. Indian Health Service fact sheet. Available at URL: http://www.ihs.gov/PublicInfo/PublicAf- fairs/Welcome_Info/ThisFacts.asp, 2006 Accessed May 8,
Allison MT, Rivers PA, Fottler MD. Future public health delivery models for Native American tribes. Public Health. 2007;121:296–307.
Sievers ML, Cohen SL. Lung cancer among Indians of the southwestern United States. Ann Intern Med. 1961;54:912–
Lee BJ. The incidence of cancer among the Indians in the southwest Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1930;50:4:196–199.
Palmer EP. Incidence of cancer among Indians of the United States and Canada with specific reference to Ari- zona. Acta Unio Int Cancrum. 1953;9:373–391.
Johnson M.Lung cancer among the Alaska Natives. In: Science in Alaska, Proceedings of the 15th Alaskan Science Conference (1964). Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science, Alaska Divi- sion; 1965:110–114.
Waxman AG. Colposcopy training for IHS providers: a strategy for improving cervical cancer screening in Native Americans. IHS Provider. 1992;17:41–43.
Waxman AG, Inkret W. Teaching colposcopy on the Nav- ajo Indian Reservation. Colposcopist. 1991;23:1–2.
Hampton JW, Keala J, Luce P. Overview of National Cancer Institute networks for cancer control research in Native American populations. Cancer. 1996;78(7 suppl):1545–
1552. 154. Becker TM, Joe JR, Cobb N, et al. Training for cancer con- trol research: a curriculum for Native researchers. J Can-
cer Edu. Kaur JS,
1999;14:233–237. Dignan M, Burhansstipanov
The ‘‘Spirit 1987–1994. Becker TM,
legacy. Cancer. 2006;107(8 suppl):
Puukka E, Stehr-Green , Johnson