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AMERICAN MOO DUK KWAN SOCIETY - page 15 / 32

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USE OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE

The American MooDukKwan Society utilizes 2 foreign languages.  TaeKwonDo is a Korean art, thus we use a Korean vocabulary for floor exercises and Pum Se (forms).  Aikido is a Japanese martial art, hence we use a Japanese vocabulary for mat work.  Although this may be confusing to beginners, it is the best way to deal with the terminology as there are not always convenient or appropriate English translations.  The use of foreign languages adds to tradition and is a respectful gesture to those  countries from which these martial arts originated.

Although many terms are totally different, some terms may be referred to in either language.  Please use the Korean terms except when in mat class and referring to mat techniques (in other words, Korean should be the dominant language).  Here are a few examples to help clarify terminology to new students.

English:

Korean:

Japanese:

training hall

dojang

dojo

instructor

sabumnim

sensei

bow

kying nay

rei

punch

chiluki

tsuki

sparring

kyoluki

kumite

black belt (1st degree)

chodan

shodan

grade

kup

kyu

shout

kiap

kiai

open-open (stance)

O-O

ai-hanmi

open-closed

O-C

gyaku-hanmi

art of kicking & punching

TaeKwonDo

Karate (Empty Hand)

uniform

tobok

gi

move behind

ura

move in front

omote

Bow to the Flags

Ku Ki E Tay Hay Kying Nay

Shomen ni Rei

Bow to the Masters

KwangjangnimKe Kying Nay

Bow to the Instructor

SabumnimKe Kying Nay

Sensei Rei

Cat Stance

Bom Soki

Neko Ashi Dachi

Crane Stance

Hak Dori Soki

Tsuru Dachi

X- Stance

Koa soki

High

Olgul

Jodan

Middle

Momtong

Chudan

Low

Ale

Gedan

Front

Ap

Mae

Side

Yap

Yoko

Round

Tolria

Mae Washi

Back

Dweet

Ushiro

Kick

Chagi

Geri

Punch

Chiluki

Tsuki ("ski")

Block

Maki

Uke

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