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during a visitation schedule which is based on a divorce court action. Such requests are directed to private licensed child placement agencies or private licensed LCSW in the receiving state.   


Child Protective Services Investigations: Child protective services investigations which require contacts in another state to document or report on the circumstances of a child or family or location of child or adult, identify or confirm enrollment in school, supervision or well-being check or other services does not constitute nor meet the definition as a placement. A child protective services investigation is not subject to compliance with the ICPC nor ICPC procedures.  Contact the Child Protective Services Hotline in each State for assistance.


Courtesy Studies:  Request for courtesy study or services on behalf of a non-custodial child who is not under the jurisdiction of a court does not meet criteria for placement compliance under the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children. Such requests will be directed to private entities licensed in the receiving state to conduct such custody or courtesy studies for a fee.  

Safeguards Offered by the Compact:

Articles I and V of the ICPC outlines the safeguards provided for the child and placement resource and the parties involved in the child's placement:


Provides the sending agency the opportunity to obtain home studies and an evaluation of the proposed placement.


Allows the prospective receiving state to ensure that the placement is not "contrary to the interests of the child" and that its applicable laws and policies have been followed before it approves the placement.


Guarantees the child’s legal and financial protection by fixing these responsibilities with the sending agency or individual.


Ensures that the sending agency continues to have financial responsibility for support and maintenance of the child during the period of placement.


Ensures that the sending agency retains jurisdiction over the child once the child moves to the receiving state sufficient to determine all matters in relation to the custody, supervision, care and disposition of the child, which it would have had if the child had remained in the sending agency’s state.


Provides the sending agency the opportunity to obtain services, supervision and regular reports on the child's adjustment and progress in the placement until the child is adopted, reaches majority, becomes self-supporting or is discharged with concurrence of the appropriate authority in the receiving state.

These safeguards are routinely available when the child, the person, or responsible agency and the placement resource are all in a single state or jurisdiction.  When the placement involves two states or jurisdictions, however, these safeguards are available through compliance with the Compact.

Procedures for Making Compact Placements:

Articles I and III and V of the ICPC serve as the basis for the procedures for ICPC compliance including the referral process, study process, the basis for and the authority to issue a decision regarding the placement, the case-management process, and closure process, including permanency or disruption for each child.  This manual details specific procedural application and best practice for compliance.

The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children Procedures Manual

Revised: January, 2012                                                                                                                           Page 3

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