Other Interstate Compacts - Web References:
There are three other compacts that regulate certain types of interstate placements of children.
Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (ICAMA):
The Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance (ICAMA) ensures that adoptive parents of children with special needs receive the services and benefits provided for in their adoption assistance agreement, particularly medical assistance in interstate cases. ICAMA facilitates the delivery of benefits and services when families move during the continuance of the adoption assistance agreement or in cases when the child is initially placed for adoption across state lines. The ICAMA Compact was developed in response to the mandate of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 that directs states to protect the interstate interests of adopted children with special needs. (Reference: TCA 36-1-201 et seq.) ()
Interstate Compact for Juveniles (ICJ):
The Interstate Compact for Juveniles addresses numerous inter-jurisdictional services for eligible youth including: (a) interstate supervision of adjudicated delinquents on probation or parole; (b) placement of certain juvenile delinquents in out-of-state public institutions; (c) authorizes the return of juvenile escapees and absconders to their home state; and, (d) is used to arrange the return of non-delinquent runaways to their homes. A new interstate agreement adopted by 39 states in 2009, significantly updates the original Juvenile Compact (1955) for tracking and supervising juveniles that move across state borders. Providing enhanced accountability, enforcement, visibility and communication, the new compact seeks to update a crucial, yet outdated tool for ensuring public safety and preserving child welfare. Primary changes include:
The establishment of an independent compact operating authority to administer ongoing compact activity, including a provision for staff support.
Gubernatorial appointments of representatives for all member states on a national governing commission. The commission would meet annually to elect the compact operating authority members, and to attend to general business and rule making procedures.
Rule-making authority, provision for significant sanctions to support essential compact operations.
Mandatory funding mechanism sufficient to support essential compact operations (staffing, data collection, training/education, etc.).
Compel collection of standardized information.
(Reference: TCA 37-4-101 et seq.) ()
Interstate Compact on Mental Health (ICMH/MR):
The Interstate Compact on Mental Health (ICMH/MR) permits the transfer of mentally ill and mentally retarded children and adults from a public institution in one state to a public institution in another state. It may also be used to secure publicly provided aftercare services in another state. A patient
transferred through this Compact becomes the responsibility of the receiving state. The Interstate Compact on Mental Health has been enacted by most states and jurisdictions. (Reference: TCA 33-9-201 et seq. Part 2).
The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children Procedures Manual
Revised: January, 2012 Page 5