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Messinger

Messinger

More developmental problems as birth weight decreases

ELBW infants are more likely than higher birth weight infants to demonstrate mild (<85) to significant (<70) delays on the Mental Scales (MDI) and Psychomotor Scales (PDI) of the Bayley Scales (BSID-II)

66% and 57% of ELBW children scored below the normative range on the MDI and PDI, respectively, at 18 to 22 months corrected age

Shankaran, 2004; 5 Vohr, B.R. 2000; 6 Vohr, B.R. 2005; 3 Walsh, M.C. 2005

Poor performance on these measures may reflect early deficits in behavior regulation among ELBW infants including difficulty adapting to change, difficulty sustaining attention, increased activity level, increased need for examiner support and less persistence in attempting to complete tasks

Anderson, P. 2003; 27 Leonard, C.H. 2001; 9 Saigal, S. 2001; 19 Sajaniemi, N. 2001; 26 Weiss, S.J. 2004; 10 Whitfield, M.F. 1997

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