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Messinger

Messinger

Long-term outcome: Educational disadvantage but lower risk-taking

Very-low-birth-weight infants as young adults

242 VLBWs born ‘77-79 (at 1179 g) vs 233 normal birth weight  

Fewer VLBW adults graduate hi school: 74% vs 83%

VLBW men, but not women, significantly less likely than controls to be in postsecondary study (30% vs. 53%, P=0.002).

VLBW lower IQ (87 vs 92) & academic achievement

Higher rates of neurosensory impairments (10% vs. <1%) and subnormal height (10% vs. 5%, P=0.04).

VLBW group reported less alcohol & drug use & lower rates of pregnancy

differences exist in those without neurosensory impairment.

Hack, M., Flannery, D. J., Schluchter, M., Cartar, L., Borawski, E., & Klein, N. (2002). Outcomes in Young Adulthood for VLBW Infants. New England Journal of Medicine, 346(3), 149-157.

Why?

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